The History of Cookies
The cookie is described as a sweet, small, and
usually thin cake. A cookie can be considered any variation of flour
based cakes that have a sweet taste, and are soft and crisp. Every
country is different and each country has a name for the cookie. In
Spain they are called galletas, while in Germany they are called
kels or keks. In Australia and England they are called biscuits.
Italy calls their cookies names such as biscotti or ameretti. The
actual name cookie was derived from a Dutch word such as koekje.
Koekje means ‘little or small cake’. The word biscuit comes from the
Latin word known as bis coctum. Bis coctum when translated means
‘twice baked’. Culinary historians have stated that the first time
cookies were noticed was when they were used a little test cakes.
People would put a tiny bit of cake batter in the oven and it was
baked to test oven temperature.
The First Cookie
The first cookie dates all the way back to the
7th century in Persia A.D which is now Iran. Historians
have stated that sugar was cultivated there in Persian A.D for the
first time and then spread to the Eastern Mediterranean. At the end
of the 14th century you could walk along the streets of
Paris and buy little wafers, and Renaissance cook books began to fill
with cookie recipes. Cookies grew increasingly popular over time, and
the idea of the cookie spread around the world.
Current Cookie Recipes
The United States has a large amount of cookie
books and recipes. There are so many recipes out there that it is
impossible to have a complete book filled with every one. When the
railroads were expanded in the 1800’s the cooks and chefs could
reach the coconuts in the South and make cookies with coconut. Then
later, oranges from the West were added to many recipes. People
then started to make cookies with cereals products such as
cornflakes and rice krispies. Nowadays there are too many
recipes to mention, but you can always find one that you like online
or in a cookbook.